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Independent Actuation of Two-Tailed Microrobots

2018

Article

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A soft two-tailed microrobot in low Reynolds number fluids does not achieve forward locomotion by identical tails regardless to its wiggling frequency. If the tails are nonidentical, zero forward locomotion is also observed at specific oscillation frequencies (which we refer to as the reversal frequencies), as the propulsive forces imparted to the fluid by each tail are almost equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. We find distinct reversal frequencies for the two-tailed microrobots based on their tail length ratio. At these frequencies, the microrobot achieves negligible net displacement under the influence of a periodic magnetic field. This observation allows us to fabricate groups of microrobots with tail length ratio of 1.24 ± 0.11, 1.48 ± 0.08, and 1.71 ± 0.09. We demonstrate selective actuation of microrobots based on prior characterization of their reversal frequencies. We also implement simultaneous flagellar propulsion of two microrobots and show that they can be controlled to swim along the same direction and opposite to each other using common periodic magnetic fields. In addition, independent motion control of two microrobots is achieved toward two different reference positions with average steady-state error of 110.1 ± 91.8 μm and 146.9 ± 105.9 μm.

Author(s): Khalil, I. S. M. and Tabak, A. F. and Hamed, Y. and Tawakol, M. and Klingner, A. and Gohary, N. E. and Mizaikoff, B. and Sitti, M.
Journal: IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Volume: 3
Number (issue): 3
Pages: 1703-1710
Year: 2018
Month: Febuary

Department(s): Physical Intelligence
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: 10.1109/LRA.2018.2801793
URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8281009

BibTex

@article{8281009,
  title = {Independent Actuation of Two-Tailed Microrobots},
  author = {Khalil, I. S. M. and Tabak, A. F. and Hamed, Y. and Tawakol, M. and Klingner, A. and Gohary, N. E. and Mizaikoff, B. and Sitti, M.},
  journal = {IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters},
  volume = {3},
  number = {3},
  pages = {1703-1710},
  month = feb,
  year = {2018},
  url = {http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8281009},
  month_numeric = {2}
}